How to build a hardwood staircase

For this project you will need some basic carpentry skills, attention to details and a lot of patience. Some simple household projects should have given you the basics.Some of the tools and materials that you will need are:

  • 8-foot long 2x4s (10)
  • 8 foot long 2x6s (10)
  • 10-foot long 2x12s (4)
  • Level
  • Measuring tape
  • Framing square
  • Pencil
  • Circular saw
  • Screwdriver
  • Drill
  • Screws
  • Hammer
  • Nails
  1. You will need to lay some 2×4 beams on the landing.
    Use the level and then measure. Measure from the top of the plank down the ground floor to determine the rise of the stairs. To get the number of steps, divide the measure by 7 inches, the standard rise per step.
  2. Now determine the run of the staircase. Standard stair width is between 10.5 inches to 11.5.
  3. Use the framing square to draw out the notches of the steps onto 2×12 beams. Set the width for 10.5 inches and then mark the step with a pencil. Now move the framing square down so that the top pin is where the bottom pin was before. Repeat this step.
  4. To cut the boards, use a circular saw.
  5. Trim the bottom of the stringers to the specified width. Cut the number of stringers needed for the staircase.
  6. Drill holes and then screw the stringers into place at the top of the landing. One stringer needs to be aligned in the center and one frame the outside.
  7. Use 2×4 boards to secure the risers. hammer them into their vertical position on the stringers. Use headless nails. Be careful when placing them as they are difficult to remove.
  8. To secure the treads use 2×6 boards with hammers and nails.
  9. Now, to finish the staircase, apply a layer of wood stain and lacquer.
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