Jacques Emile Ruhlmann
Although it started in the first part of the 1920s, the Art Deco movement predominated during the 1930s. The name of “Art Deco” comes from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs Industriels et Modernes. This style of design has influences from Expressionism, Futurism, Modernism, Bauhaus artists, Cubism and Constructivism.
The Art Deco movement appeared as a contrast to the post-war frame of mind, offering the enthusiasm and wish for exuberance that people needed. All about the designs of these sofas suggested elegance and extravagance. Rare woods, such as ebony or amboynas, veneers and lacquer finishes are novelties in the designs of the 1930s sofas. Traditional fabrics were replaced by plush materials; exotic animal skins were used instead leather. Preserving a high quality, the Art Deco style started to use forged iron and chrome-plated steel for the sofas.
The style of the 1930s sofas was influenced by Cubism, which is characterized by unusual geometrical shapes. The sofas had stressed curved arms or straight lines, thus creating an expressive rectangular shape. The legs of this sofa style were very conical.
One of the most popular designers of the Art Deco movement was F.L. Wright, known for his chairs that had a barrel design. He also created a type of sofa having a four-angle shape.
Another famous representative of the Art Deco style was Jacques-Emile Ruhlmann. He succeeded in creating a sofa with conical legs and joints that look non-visible. It is to be mentioned that Jacques-Emile Ruhlmann created unique pieces of furniture. Veneers, integrated inlays and pictures in the designs of furniture are elements introduced by Louis Süe and André Mare.
Wilhelm Wagenfeld, Ludwing Mies van der Rohe and Eileen Gray are also to be mentioned for their contribution brought to the Art Deco style.